NOTE: This manuscript was prepared in September 2014, prior to Hugh’s passing, and an abbreviated version was published in
Hugh J. Porter:
His Contributions to Malacology
Douglas A. Wolfe
NOAA Beaufort Laboratory (retired)
Historian, North Carolina Shell Club
109 Shore Drive, Beaufort, NC 28516. Email: email@example.com
ABSTRACT. Hugh and Dorothy “Pinky” Porter were founding members and stalwart supporters of the North Carolina Shell Club for over 40 years. As a result of declining health, Hugh had recently taken up residence at a Nursing Home in Sea Level, North Carolina and he died there on 11 December 2014. It is appropriate to recognize and honor his many contributions to our Club and to the study of mollusks.
During his nearly 55-year (1955~2010) career at the University of North Carolina’s Institute of Marine Sciences (IMS) in Morehead City, NC, Hugh Judson Porter earned the reputation and title of “Mr. Seashell” in North Carolina (Griffin 1982; Brady 1992; Houser 1996). Born April 10, 1928 in Bowling Green, Ohio, Hugh graduated from the State Teachers College in Millersville, Pennsylvania in 1950. He taught briefly at Margaret Brent High School in Helen, Maryland, attended Penn State University briefly, and did a stint in the Army before returning to the University of Delaware where he received his M.Sc. degree in 1956. He was hired in 1955 as an assistant in mollusk research at IMS; became an Instructor in 1957 and Assistant Professor in 1963. Although Hugh officially retired from the faculty at IMS in 1996, he continued to come into his office in a part-time “emeritus” status for several years after that. He initiated the IMS collection of marine mollusks in 1956, and served as curator of that collection which grew to about 25,000 lots before its transfer (in two stages, 1996 and 2012) to the North Carolina Museum of Natural Sciences in Raleigh.
Hugh J. Porter, with the collection at IMS, cerca 1995
Photo credit: Scott D. Taylor in Houser (1996) and Pierce (2013).
I first met Hugh in 1966. I had moved my family to Beaufort, NC in July of 1964 where I took a job as chemist at the Bureau of Commercial Fisheries’ Radiobiological Laboratory, located on Pivers Island— only about 5 miles east of IMS in Morehead City. My interest in mollusks and shells was already well developed at that time, and I soon began to frequent the docks near the laboratory to collect specimens from the fishing boats that were unloading calico scallops trawled offshore. Imagine my excitement when I found several species there that were outside the ranges reported by Abbott (1954) — my principal authority at that time. I photographed my specimens and made a presentation on these “rare” finds at the November 1966 meeting of the Atlantic Estuarine Research Society in College Park, Maryland, and that was where I met Hugh Porter — who was in the audience. Because he was already a recognized authority on North Carolina mollusks, most of the questions raised after my presentation were addressed not to me, but to Hugh. And it was Hugh that subsequently introduced me to both the North Carolina Shell Club and the American Malacological Union (AMU, now AMS) — both organizations I first joined in 1967. My first and second shell club meetings were both held at the Oceanana resort at Atlantic Beach, and my third was the 10th Anniversary banquet (2 December 1967) where R. Tucker Abbott talked about mollusks, shell collecting and shell clubs. Later Hugh and I collaborated on the description of the molluscan fauna associated with the fishery for calico scallops (Porter & Wolfe 1972), and I’m sure our collaboration would have continued had I not moved away from North Carolina in 1975.
Hugh joined the AMU in 1957, and maintained his membership in the AMS through 2009. He was also a member of the National Shellfisheries Association, the North Carolina Academy of Science, the Society of Systematic Zoologists, and Sigma Xi.
Hugh and his wife Dorothy Jane Pinkerton (“Pinky”) Porter were Charter Members of the NC Shell Club, attending the first meeting held March 9, 1957 at the NC State Museum in Raleigh. At Hugh’s invitation, the club held its third meeting in Morehead City, where Dr. Al Chestnut, director of the Institute of Fisheries Research (now IMS), and Dr. Mel Carriker, visiting professor from UNC-Chapel Hill oversaw the meeting and delivered the programs. (Green 1957; Porter 1963). Hugh was elected secretary-treasurer of the club in 1959 and served in that capacity until 1964 when those functions were split and Elizabeth T. Matthews became treasurer; Hugh continued as secretary through 1966 when he was elected vice-president (1967-68) and president (1969-70). Hugh served a third term as president in 1976.
As club secretary, Hugh submitted annual reports to the American Malacological Union, for publication in the section “Member Shell Clubs” of the AMU Annual Reports (Porter, 1959-1966). This function was continued by Hugh’s successor, Ruth Dixon, through 1969, after which the AMU stopped including club reports in its Bulletin. In 1966, Hugh reported that the North Carolina Shell Club had 252 members, and that a recent club highlight had been the banquet (Nags Head, September 1965) honoring Moncie Daniels, the North Carolina Legislator who introduced and helped enact the bill proclaiming the scotch bonnet Phalium granulatum Born to be the State Shell of North Carolina. Hugh mentioned also the club’s first shell auction (Atlantic Beach, May 1966) with Carl Withrow as auctioneer, and the major effort that had gone into the club’s hosting of the 32nd annual meeting of the American Malacological Union, held August 22-27 at the University of North Carolina in Chapel Hill. This meeting had 151 registrants —the largest AMU meeting to date (Anonymous 1966). Although several club members were affiliated with both UNC and AMU (including Hugh Porter, James Wadsworth, Charles Jenner, and John Ferguson), none currently held office in the AMU. The meeting was held in Chapel Hill strictly at the invitation of the NC Shell Club. Marguerite Thomas, one of the many club members attending the meeting, endeavored to obtain autographs of participants, resulting in the souvenir program illustrated below. Note the prominent signatures of R. Tucker Abbott and Hugh J. Porter (left and right of the scotch bonnets, respectively, among the other prominent malacologists, many now deceased.
In September of 1966, Governor Dan K. Moore recognized Hugh with membership in the Order of the Long Leaf Pine, one of North Carolina’s highest honors, for his central role in attracting the AMU conference to the state, and for his involvement in selection and advocacy of the scotch bonnet as the state shell— the first state shell to be so named.
AMU 1966 Meeting Program Cover with signatures of participants including HJP.
(compliments of Marguerite Thomas, Swansboro, NC- NCSC Archives)
In 1978, the NCSC hosted another meeting of the AMU, this time at UNC-W in Wilmington. Hugh Porter and Paul Jennewein were co-chairmen of the local organizing committee, and Hugh was the Master of Ceremonies on Shell Club night. The Conchologists of America had been formed in 1973, drawing much of the amateur membership and club participation away from the AMU, and this meeting was one of the final AMU meetings to be hosted by a local shell club, instead of by the then-current AMU President’s home institution.
Hugh started the North Carolina Shell Club Bulletin, and then for fifteen years served as its Editor-in Chief for the production of numbers 1-9 (1963-1978). Without Hugh’s initiative and guidance, the Bulletin ceased publication completely as an outlet for member contributions and articles after no. 11 (1986), and was transformed into the club’s membership list. Hugh also instigated and organized the club’s first two shell shows —held at IMS in Morehead City (October 1971) and at the NC State Museum of Natural History in Raleigh (January 1973), respectively. Since the club’s 9th show in 1984, the North Carolina Shell Show has been an annual event– attracting exhibitors and vendors from other states and educating the public on shells and sea life. Hugh served regularly for many years (ending in 2000) as assistant scientific judge at these shows— evaluating the merits and competitiveness of the exhibits entered. From 1990 through 2010, Hugh was listed on the Club Newsletter masthead as Historian (I believe he had assumed that function unofficially several years earlier, having served on the “Historian Committee” with Charlotte Johnson and Dr. John Ferguson in 1984). In May, 1989, Hugh and Pinky Porter were elected to honorary life membership in the NC Shell Club. Since 1996, the club has awarded the Hugh Porter Award at its annual shell shows to that exhibit which best features the mollusks of the western Atlantic, including the Boreal, Virginian, Carolinian and/or Caribbean provinces.
Hugh J. Porter with the author and his Hugh Porter Award won at the September 2002 show of the NC Shell Club. Photo credit: Nancy Wolfe.
Hugh’s publications are listed here as a bibliographical appendix, following the citation list for this article. With support from North Carolina Sea Grant, Hugh published two useful shell-identification guides— the first a 32-page pamphlet (Porter and Tyler 1971, 1981), and the second (Porter and Houser 1997) a very popular 132-page book illustrating 136 bivalves, 118 gastropods, 3 tuskshells, 2 chitons, and 1 cephalopod— all of them species that can be found on North Carolina beaches. Hugh was also involved in the State’s efforts to identify and categorize Rarity and Endangerment among North Carolina’s mollusks (Porter et al. 1977, Fuller et al. 1979, Porter 1985a,b). As part of that effort, he conducted a major survey of molluscan fauna in the Lake Waccamaw drainage system (Porter and Horn 1980, 1981, 1983, 1984a,b,c; Horn and Porter 1981). Most of Hugh’s work, however, focused on marine and brackish water fauna, which was the principal focus of the IMS collection. His North Carolina Marine and Estuarine Mollusca: An atlas of Occurrence (Porter 1974) provides a useful (though no longer up-to-date) summary of the known species of mollusks in the coastal and shelf waters of North Carolina. Another interesting project undertaken by Hugh was his List of Record Sizes of North Carolina Mollusks, published in 5 parts (Porter 1968, 1971, 1973, 1975, 1983). This effort compiled records by species of the largest known specimens collected from North Carolina waters, and may have established the precedent followed by others in 1977 and later (Wagner and Abbott 1990; Pisor 2005) for world-wide mollusks. One of Hugh’s final publications noted a range extension north to Cape Lookout, NC for Littorina ziczac, the zebra periwinkle (Porter 2008). These and many of Hugh’s other publications make reference to specimens in the IMS collection; this extensive collection (about 25,000 lots and 233,000 specimens) now represents the core of the marine mollusk collection at the North Carolina State Museum of Natural Sciences in Raleigh (NCSMNS), where it is overseen by the Curator of Invertebrates Dr. Arthur E. Bogan. (http://naturalsciences.org/research-collections/research-specialties/invertebrates). This collection, painstakingly assembled and curated by Hugh over the course of fifty years, will provide a lasting legacy to his dedication and service to the malacological community.
Abbott, R. Tucker 1954. American Seashells. Van Nostrand, Princeton, New Jersey. 541 pp.
Anonymous. 1966. American Malacological Union Thirty-second Annual Meeting (summary of meeting). pp. 1-18 In: Annual Reports for 1966. American Malacological Union Bulletin no. 33. Author’s Note: this piece is believed to have originated with James Wadsworth, a principal NCSC player in organizing this conference.
Brady, Travis. 1992. Mr. Seashell. Tar Heel Profile. The State Magazine (October), pp 30-31.
Green, Charlotte Hilton, 1957. Out of Doors In North Carolina. Raleigh News and Observer, Sunday 13 October.
Griffin, C. 1982. Ocean Treasures. Wildlife in North Carolina 46(6): 6-11, illustrated.
Houser, L. 1996. Seashell Fever. Coastwatch (Mar/Apr): 9-13. NC SeaGrant Program, NC State University, Raleigh.
Phillips, Walter, 1996. Scientists hope to save IMS specimens’ collection. Carteret County News-Times, Sunday, July 7: pp 1A & 3A.
Pierce, Chelsea, 2013. A Shell’s Life. Coastwatch. Autumn Issue 4: 21-23. NC SeaGrant Program, NC State University, Raleigh.
Pisor, D.L. 2005. Registry of World Record Size Shells (4th edition). Edited by Conchbooks, Hackenheim, Germany; Snail’s Pace Productions, San Diego, California. 171 pp.
Porter, H.J., 1963. History of the North Carolina Shell Club. pp. 3-5 in North Carolina Shell Club- 1963. Informal publ. known as “Bulletin #1,” mimeo, 12 pp.
Porter, H.J. and Wolfe, D.A., 1972. Mollusca from the North Carolina commercial fishing grounds for the calico scallop, Argopecten gibbus (Linné). Journal de Conchyliologie 109(3): 91-109.
Wagner, R.J.L. and R.T. Abbott, 1990. World Size Records. Supplement 4, Standard Catalog of Shells. American Malacologists, Melbourne, Florida. 70 pp.
Bibliography: Hugh J. Porter
Porter, H.J. 1955. Variation in morphometry of the adult female blue crab, Callinectes sapidus Rathbun. Unpublished MS Thesis in zoology, University of Delaware, Newark, DE
Chestnut, A. F., Fahy, W. E., and H. J. Porter. 1957. Growth of young Venus mercenaria, V. campechiensis and their hybrids. Proc. Nat. Shellfish Assn. 7:50-56.
Porter, H.J. 1960. The offshore clam fishery of North Carolina. Proceedings of the National Shellfisheries Association 51:67-73.
Porter, H.J. and A.F. Chestnut. 1960. Zoeal stages of the stone crab, Menippe mercenaria Say. Chesapeake Science 1(3/4):168-177.
Porter, H.J., 1962. Incidence of Malacobdella in Mercenaria campechiensis off Beaufort Inlet, N.C. Proceedings of the National Shellfish Association 53:133-145.
Porter, H.J., 1964. Seasonal gonadal changes of adult clams, Mercenaria mercenaria (L.) in, N.C. Proceedings of the National Shellfish. Association 55:35-52.
Williams, A.B. and H.J. Porter. 1964. An unusually large turtle barnacle (Chelonibia p. patula) on a Blue Crab from Delaware Bay. Chesapeake Science 5(3):150-151.
Porter, H.J., 1965. Cassis madagascariensis spinella off North Carolina coast. The Nautilus 78(3):106.
Porter, H.J., 1965. Report of Club activities since last Bulletin. North Carolina Shell Club Bulletin 2:11-13.
Porter, H.J., 1966. Report on 1965 Shell Club Activities. North Carolina Shell Club Bulletin 3:2-3.
Ferguson, J., Upchurch, J., and Porter, H.J., 1966. List of Common North Carolina Marine Mollusks. North Carolina Shell Club Bulletin 3:23-33.
Merrill, A.S. and H.J. Porter, 1966. Further note on distribution of Cymatiidae in western Atlantic. The Nautilus 80(1):31-32.
Porter, H.J., 1967. A Collecting Trip on the Neuse River Estuary. North Carolina Shell Club Bulletin 4:31-37.
Porter, H.J. & C.E. Jenner, 1967. Notes on some mollusca off the coast of North Carolina. American Malacological Union, Inc. Annual Reports for 1967:23-24.
Porter, H.J., 1968. President’s Message. North Carolina Shell Club Bulletin 5:1-2.
Porter, H.J., 1968. Record sizes of North Carolina Mollusks: List No. 1: Gastropods, Scaphopods and Chitons. North Carolina Shell Club Bulletin 5:37-45.
Porter, H.J., 1969. The molluscan fauna in North Carolina's Neuse River estuary. American Malacological Union, Inc. Annual Reports for 1969:39-40.
Kruczynski, W.L. & H.J. Porter, 1969. A new northern record for Bursatella leachii pleii Rang (Opisthobranchia), with notes on its biology. The Nautilus 83(2):40-42.
Porter, H.J., 1970. The occurrence of Cymatiidae and Cypraeidae in North Carolina. The Nautilus 84(1):1-8.
Porter, H.J., 1971. The North Carolina scallop fishery- A bonanza to Shell Collectors? North Carolina Shell Club Bulletin 6:24-25.
Porter, H.J., 1971. Record sizes of North Carolina Mollusks: List No. 2. North Carolina Shell Club Bulletin 6:29-34.
Porter, H.J. and J. Tyler. 1971. Sea Shells common to North Carolina. Information Series. NC Dept of Natural and Economic Resources, Division of Commercial and Sports Fisheries. North Carolina Sea Grant College Program Publ. UNC-SG-72-09. Published November 1971, 2nd printing 1972, 3rd printing 1974, 4th printing 1976. 36 pages.
Williams, A.B. & H.J. Porter, 1971. A ten-year study of meroplankton in North Carolina estuaries: Occurrence of postmetamorphal bivalves. Chesapeake Science 12(1): 26-32.
Porter, H.J. 1972. Recent advances in clam aquaculture. The American Malacological Union Bulletin for 1971:16-17. [March 1972]
Porter, H.J. 1972. Mollusks coincident with North Carolina’s calico scallop fishery. The American Malacological Union Bulletin for 1971: 32-33. [March 1972]
Porter, H.J. 1972. Shell collecting from stomachs of the sea-star genus Astropecten. New York Shell Club Notes 180:2-4.
Porter, H.J. and D.A. Wolfe, 1972. Mollusca from the North Carolina commercial fishing grounds for the calico scallop, Argopecten gibbus (Linné). Journal de Conchyliologie 109(3): 91-109.
Porter, H.J., 1973. Mollusks from R/V Eastward stations 11542 and 11545 east of Charleston, S.C. [bound into 1973 AMU program.] 3pp.
Porter, H.J., 1973. A Listing of Shelling Trips as Described in the New York Shell Club Notes- 1949 to 1973. North Carolina Shell Club Bulletin 7:37-41.
Porter, H.J., 1973. Record sizes of North Carolina Mollusks: List No. 3. North Carolina Shell Club Bulletin 7:42-49.
Porter, H.J. and F.J. Schwartz, 1973. Macrofauna of an offshore Argopecten gibbus bed, with notes on possible predators. Journal of the Elisha Mitchell Scientific Society. 89(4): 259-260.
Porter, H.J., 1974. The North Carolina marine and estuarine Mollusca: An atlas of occurrence. The University of North Carolina Institute of Marine Sciences, Morehead City. 351 pages.
Porter, H.J., 1974. Mollusks from M/V Eastward stations 11542 and 11545 East of Charleston S. C. The American Malacological Union, Inc. Bulletin for 1973:20-24. [May 1974].
Porter, H.J. 1974. North Carolina scallop fishery 1972-1973. The American Malacological Union, Inc. Bulletin for 1973:40 [title of film shown with short abstract, May 1974].
Porter, H.J., 1975. Notes on species of the family Turridae found in North Carolina waters. North Carolina Shell Club Bulletin no.8: 32-35.
Porter, H.J., 1975. Record sizes of North Carolina mollusks: List no. 4. North Carolina Shell Club Bulletin no.8: 38-44.
Porter, H.J., 1976. Spiral cord variation of Odostomia impressa (Say) and O. seminuda (C.B. Adams), Family Pyramidellidae. Bulletin of the American Malacological Union, Inc. for 1976:38-41.
Porter, H.J. and F.J. Schwartz. 1976. Seasonal variations in tissue weight and total solids of the calico scallop Argopecten gibbus and their relationship to changes in gonad condition. Proceedings of the National Shellfisheries Association 66:104-105.
Porter, H.J., C. Johnson and A.B. McCrary. 1977. Marine Invertebrates. Pp. 233-249. In: J.E. Cooper, S.S. Robinson & J.S. Funderburg (eds.) Endangered and threatened plants and animals of North Carolina. NC Museum of Natural History, Raleigh.
Schwartz, F.J. and H.J. Porter, 1977. Fishes, macroinvertebrates, and their ecological interrelationships with a calico scallop bed off North Carolina. Fishery Bulletin 75(2): 427-446.
Porter, H.J. 1978. Mollusks of Fort Macon, NC 1860-1887 and present. The Bulletin of the American Malacological Union, Inc. for 1978:63 [Abstract].
Porter, H.J., 1978. Shelling Beaches of North Carolina: A Rough Comparison. North Carolina Shell Club Bulletin 9:29-33.
Porter, H.J. and D.R. Calder, B.E. 1978. Phylum Rhynchocoela. pp.96-97. In: R.G. Zingmark (ed.) An annotated checklist of the biota of the coastal zone of South Carolina. University of South Carolina Press Columbia, S.C.
Shoemaker, A. H, H.J. Porter, B. Boothe, R.E. Petit, and L.S. Eyster. Free-living invertebrates, marine mollusks. Pp. 123-135. In: R.G. Zingmark (ed.) An annotated checklist of the biota of the coastal zone of South Carolina. University of South Carolina Press Columbia, S.C.
Thomas, F.B. and H.J. Porter, 1978. Water uptake in scallops: Methods of analysis and influencing factors. N.C.Div.Mar.Fish. Sp.Sci.Rpt. no. 29: 33pp.
Fuller, S.L.H., F.W. Grimm, T.L. Laavy, H.J. Porter and A.H. Shoemaker. 1979. Status report: Freshwater and terrestrial mollusks. Proceedings of the South Carolina Endangered species Symposium 1:55-59.
Porter, H.J., L.A. Howie and R.B. Deriso, 1979. Morphometric character variation in Boonea impressa (Say) and B. seminuda (C.B. Adams) - Family Pyramidellidae. The Bulletin of the American Malacological Union, Inc. for 1979: 43-48.
Porter, H.J., and K.J. Horn. 1980. Freshwater mussel glochidia from Lake Waccamaw, Columbus County, North Carolina. Bulletin of the American Malacological Union 1980:13-17.
Horn, K.J. and H.J. Porter, 1981. Correlations of shell shape of Elliptio waccamawensis, Leptodea ochracea, and Lampsilis sp. (Bivalvia, Unionidae) with environmental factors in Lake Waccamaw, Columbus County, North Carolina. Bulletin of the American Malacological Union 1981: 1-4.
Porter, H.J. and K.J. Horn, 1981. Freshwater mollusca of Upper Waccamaw River, North and South Carolina. J. Elisha Mitchell Sci. Soc. 97(4): 270. (abstract).
Porter, H.J. and G. Safrit, 1981. The marine faunal zones of North Carolina, with new molluscan records. The Nautilus 95(3): 127-130.
Porter, H.J. and F.J. Schwartz, 1981. Trawl collections of Macoma constricta and Spisula raveneli (Bivalvia: Tellinidae, Mactridae) in vicinity of Cape Fear River, NC and their relationship to periods of environmental stress. Bulletin of the American Malacological Union 1981:15-19.
Porter, H.J. and J. Tyler. 1981. Sea Shells common to North Carolina. North Carolina Sea Grant College Program. Revised edition
Porter, H.J., 1983. Record sizes of North Carolina mollusks: List no. 5. North Carolina Shell Club Bulletin no.10: 34-41.
Porter, H.J. and K.J. Horn, 1983. Habitat distribution of sympatric populations of selected Lampsiline species (Bivalvia, Unionidae) in the Waccamaw drainage of eastern North and South Carolina. American Malacological Bulletin 1:61-66, 4 figs.
Porter, H. J., and K. J. Horn. 1984a. Freshwater mollusca of upper Waccamaw River, North and South Carolina. (Abstract) Journal Elisha Mitchell Scientific Society 97:270.
Porter, H. J., and K. J. Horn. 1984b. Ecological aspects of the introduced "Chinese Clam", Corbicula fluminea (Muller) (Mollusca: Bivalvia: Corbiculidae) in Lake Waccamaw (Columbus County, NC). Journal Elisha Mitchell Scientific Society 97:271.
Porter, H.J. and K.J. Horn. 1984c. Habitat distribution of sympatric populations of selected Lampsiline species bivalvia unionoida in the Waccamaw drainage of eastern North Carolina and South Carolina USA. American Malacological Bulletin 1:61-66
Porter, H.J. 1985. Three year environmental atlas (1979-1981). University of North Carolina, Institute of Marine Sciences and adjoining Bogue Sound. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Institute of marine Sciences, Morehead City, NC.86 pages.
Porter, Hugh J. 1985a. Rare and endangered fauna of Lake Waccamaw, North Carolina watershed system. Vols. 1 & 2. North Carolina Endangered Species Restoration : Job Title No. VI-7. N. C. (Final Report - period: 1978-1981). N.C. Wildlife Resources Commission, Raleigh. 358 pp.
Porter, H. J. 1985b. Rare and endangered fauna of Lake Waccamaw, of Lake Waccamaw, North Carolina watershed system: Molluscan census and ecological interrelationships. (North Carolina endangered species restoration. NC Wildlife Resources Commission, Raleigh, N.C.: 187 pp.
Porter, H.J. 1986. Polyplacophora and Fissurellidae (Mollusca) in the Newport River-Bogue Sound region of North Carolina. American Malacological Bulletin 4:107-108. (abstract).
Porter, H.J. 1989. Continental Shelf molluscan zoogeography of North and South Carolina. NOAA- National Undersea Research Program Research Report 89-2:231-278.
Adams, W.F., J.M. Alderman, R.G. Biggins, A.G. Gerberich, E.P. Keferl, H.J. Porter, and A.S. van Devender (eds.) 1990. A report on the conservation status of North Carolina's freshwater and terrestrial molluscan fauna. NC Wildlife Resources Commission, Raleigh, NC: 246 pp..
Porter, H.J., 1997. Mollusks of Fort Macon, North Carolina, 1880-1887 and present. 14 pp. unpubl.MS copy, dated 9/11/97. [working tables used for a presentation to the NCSC during the late 1990’s (and possibly also in HJP’s 1978 AMU presentation?) HJP hoped to publish a historical comparison of the two eras but never got round to it.–– DAW]
Porter, H.J. & L. Houser, 1997. Sea Shells of North Carolina. NC Sea Grant College Program, NCSU, Raleigh, NC: UNC-SG-97-03. 132 pp. illustr.
Porter, H.J. and F.J. Schwartz. 2001. Mollusks associated with “Ghost fishing” trawl netting collected off Beaufort Inlet, North Carolina. The Journal of the Elisha Mitchell Scientific Society 117(4):274-279.
Bishop, M. J., S.P. Powers, H.J. Porter, and C.H. Peterson. 2006. Benthic biological effects of seasonal hypoxia in a eutrophic estuary predate rapid coastal development. Estuarine Coastal and Shelf Science 70(3): 415-422.
Porter, H.J. 2008. Range extension – Zebra Periwinkle in North Carolina [Family Littorinidae]. Journal of the North Carolina Academy of Science 124(1):26.
Porter, H.J., Glen Safrit, and F.J. Schwartz. 2013. Rainfall— Ocean Faunal Interactions, Carteret County, North Carolina. Journal of North Carolina Academy of Science: Spring 2013, Vol. 129, No. 1, pp. 20-23.
AMU Shell Club Reports
Porter, H.J. 1960. North Carolina Shell Club. pp. 58-59 In: Annual Reports for 1960. American Malacological Union Bulletin no. 27.
Porter, H.J. 1961. North Carolina Shell Club. pp. 53-54 In: Annual Reports for 1961. American Malacological Union Bulletin no. 28.
Porter, H.J. 1962. North Carolina Shell Club. pp. 48-49 In: Annual Reports for 1962. American Malacological Union Bulletin no. 29.
Porter, H.J. 1963. North Carolina Shell Club. pp. 53-54 In: Annual Reports for 1962. American Malacological Union Bulletin no. 30.
Porter, H.J. 1964. North Carolina Shell Club. p. 80 In: Annual Reports for 1964. American Malacological Union Bulletin no. 31.
Porter, H.J. 1965. North Carolina Shell Club. p. 77 In: Annual Reports for 1965. American Malacological Union Bulletin no. 32.
Porter, H.J. 1966. North Carolina Shell Club. pp. 92-93 In: Annual Reports for 1966. American Malacological Union Bulletin no. 33.